Captive Insurance Business – Reduce Taxes and Build Wealth

For business enterprise owners paying taxes in the United States, captive insurance coverage organizations cut down taxes, develop wealth and enhance insurance protection. A captive insurance coverage company (CIC) is comparable in several strategies to any other insurance business. It is referred to as “captive” simply because it frequently provides insurance to one particular or additional related operating firms. With captive insurance, premiums paid by a small business are retained in the very same “economic family members”, instead of being paid to an outsider.

Two important tax advantages enable a structure containing a CIC to develop wealth effectively: (1) insurance coverage premiums paid by a small business to the CIC are tax deductible and (2) under IRC § 831(b), the CIC receives up to $1.two million of premium payments annually income-tax-no cost. In other words, a small business owner can shift taxable revenue out of an operating business enterprise into the low-tax captive insurer. An 831(b) CIC pays taxes only on income from its investments. The “dividends received deduction” below IRC § 243 supplies added tax efficiency for dividends received from its corporate stock investments.

Starting about 60 years ago, the 1st captive insurance coverage firms have been formed by significant corporations to offer insurance coverage that was either too expensive or unavailable in the conventional insurance market place.

More than the years, a combination of US tax laws, court circumstances and IRS rulings has clearly defined the measures and procedures required for the establishment and operation of a CIC by one particular or far more small business owners or pros.

To qualify as an insurance coverage company for tax purposes, a captive insurance coverage enterprise will have to satisfy “threat shifting” and “threat distribution” requirements. This is conveniently completed via routine CIC preparing. The insurance coverage provided by a CIC will have to seriously be insurance, that is, a genuine threat of loss need to be shifted from the premium-paying operating small business to the CIC that insures the threat.

In addition to tax added benefits, principal advantages of a CIC incorporate improved manage and enhanced flexibility, which strengthen insurance coverage protection and reduce price. With traditional insurance coverage, an outdoors carrier typically dictates all elements of a policy. Normally, particular risks cannot be insured conventionally, or can only be insured at a prohibitive price. Conventional insurance coverage prices are normally volatile and unpredictable, and conventional insurers are prone to deny valid claims by exaggerating petty technicalities. Also, even though enterprise insurance coverage premiums are normally deductible, as soon as they are paid to a conventional outside insurer, they are gone forever.

A captive insurance coverage enterprise effectively insures danger in different ways, such as through customized insurance policies, favorable “wholesale” rates from reinsurers, and pooled risk. Captive companies are effectively suited for insuring risk that would otherwise be uninsurable. Most businesses have standard “retail” insurance policies for apparent dangers, but remain exposed and topic to damages and loss from many other risks (i.e., they “self insure” those risks). A captive company can create customized policies for a business’s peculiar insurance requirements and negotiate directly with reinsurers. A CIC is particularly properly-suited to problem business enterprise casualty policies, that is, policies that cover small business losses claimed by a organization and not involving third-celebration claimants. For example, a company could possibly insure itself against losses incurred via organization interruptions arising from climate, labor complications or laptop or computer failure.

As noted above, an 831(b) CIC is exempt from taxes on up to $1.two million of premium earnings annually. As a practical matter, a CIC makes economic sense when its annual receipt of premiums is about $300,000 or additional. Also, a business’s total payments of insurance premiums really should not exceed ten % of its annual revenues. A group of enterprises or professionals having comparable or homogeneous dangers can form a several-parent captive (or group captive) insurance coverage business and/or join a threat retention group (RRG) to pool sources and risks.

A captive insurance company is a separate entity with its personal identity, management, finances and capitalization needs. It is organized as an insurance business, having procedures and personnel to administer insurance coverage policies and claims. An initial feasibility study of a business, its finances and its risks determines if a CIC is suitable for a distinct economic family. An actuarial study identifies proper insurance policies, corresponding premium amounts and capitalization specifications. Just after selection of a appropriate jurisdiction, application for an insurance license may possibly proceed. Luckily, competent service providers have developed “turnkey” solutions for conducting the initial evaluation, licensing, and ongoing management of captive insurance coverage corporations. The annual cost for such turnkey solutions is generally about $50,000 to $150,000, which is higher but readily offset by decreased taxes and enhanced investment growth.

A captive insurance enterprise could be organized below the laws of one particular of several offshore jurisdictions or in a domestic jurisdiction (i.e., in 1 of 39 US states). Some captives, such as a danger retention group (RRG), should be licensed domestically. Frequently, offshore jurisdictions are extra accommodating than domestic insurance coverage regulators. As a practical matter, most offshore CICs owned by a US taxpayer elect to be treated beneath IRC § 953(d) as a domestic company for federal taxation. An offshore CIC, nonetheless, avoids state income taxes. The expenses of licensing and managing an offshore CIC are comparable to or significantly less than carrying out so domestically. Extra importantly, an offshore company gives improved asset protection possibilities than a domestic firm. For instance, an offshore irrevocable trust owning an offshore captive insurance coverage company gives asset protection against creditors of the company, grantor and other beneficiaries even though permitting the grantor to take pleasure in added benefits of the trust.

For seniors Life insurance paying substantial insurance coverage premiums every year, a captive insurance coverage firm efficiently reduces taxes and builds wealth and can be effortlessly integrated into asset protection and estate organizing structures. Up to $1.two million of taxable earnings can be shifted as deductible insurance premiums from an operating small business to a low-tax CIC.