In pursuance to the announcement of 100 days agenda of HRD of ministry by Hon’ble Human Resources development Minister, a New Policy on Distance Learning In Greater Education Sector was drafted.
1. In terms of Entry 66 of List 1 of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, Parliament is competent to make laws for the coordination and determination of standards in institutions for higher education for study, and scientific and technical institutions. Parliament has enacted laws for discharging this responsibility by way of: the University Grants Commission (UGC) for basic Larger Education, the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) for Technical Education and other Statutory bodies for other disciplines. As regards greater education, by means of the distance mode, Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) Act, 1985 was enacted with the following two prime objectives, amongst others: (a) To supply opportunities for greater education to a big segment of population, in particular disadvantaged groups living in remote and rural areas, adults, housewives and functioning persons and (b) to encourage Open University and Distance Education Systems in the educational pattern of the country and to coordinate and ascertain the standards in such systems.
2. The history of distance studying or education via distance mode in India, goes way back when the universities started offering education via distance mode in the name of Correspondence Courses through their Directorate/College of Correspondence Education. In those days, the courses in humanities and/or in commerce have been provided via correspondence and taken by those, who, owing to various factors, like restricted number of seats in typical courses, employability, issues of access to the institutions of higher studying and so forth., could not get themselves enrolled in the traditional `face-to-face’ mode `in-class’ programmes.
three. In the current previous, the demand for greater education has enhanced enormously all through the nation mainly because of awareness about the significance of larger education, whereas the program of larger education could not accommodate this ever rising demand.
four. Below the circumstances, a quantity of institutions which includes deemed universities, private universities, public (Government) universities and even other institutions, which are not empowered to award degrees, have started cashing on the scenario by supplying distance education programmes in a significant number of disciplines, ranging from humanities to engineering and management etc., and at distinctive levels (certificate to beneath-graduate and post-graduate degrees). There is normally a danger that some of these institutions may perhaps turn into `degree mills’ supplying sub- common/poor excellent education, consequently eroding the credibility of degrees and other qualifications awarded through the distance mode. This calls for a far higher degree of coordination among the concerned statutory authorities, primarily, UGC, AICTE and IGNOU and its authority – the Distance Education Council (DEC).
five. Government of India had clarified its position in respect of recognition of degrees, earned through the distance mode, for employment under it vide Gazette Notification No. 44 dated 1.three.1995.
6. In spite of the dangers referred to in para four above, the significance of distance education in offering high-quality education and coaching can’t be ignored. Distance Mode of education has an important function for:
(i)giving opportunity of studying to these, who do not have direct access to face to face teaching, operating persons, home-wives and so on.
(ii)providing opportunity to working experts to update their know-how, enabling them to switchover to new disciplines and professions and enhancing their qualifications for career advancement.
(iii)exploiting the prospective of Details and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the teaching and studying procedure and
(iv)attaining the target of 15% of GER by the end of 11th Program and 20% by the finish of 12th 5 year Program.
7. In order to discharge the Constitutional duty of determination and upkeep of the standards in Greater Education, by ensuring coordination among many statutory regulatory authorities as also to guarantee the promotion of open and distance education technique in the country to meet the aspirations of all cross-sections of people for larger education, the following policy in respect of distance studying is laid down:
(a) In order to make sure appropriate coordination in regulation of requirements of greater education in diverse disciplines by way of many modes [i.e. face to face and distance] as also to guarantee credibility of degrees/diploma and certificates awarded by Indian Universities and other Education Institutes, an apex physique, namely, National Commission for Greater Education and Analysis shall be established in line with the recommendations of Prof. Yash Pal Committee/National Know-how Commission. A Standing Committee on Open and Distance
Education of the said Commission, shall undertake the job of coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of education by way of the distance mode. Pending establishment of this body:
(i) Only these programmes, which do not involve in depth practical course work, shall be permissible via the distance mode.
(ii) Universities / institutions shall frame ordinances / regulations / rules, as the case may well be, spelling out the outline of the programmes to be offered by means of the distance mode indicating the quantity of required credits, list of courses with assigned credits, reading references in addition to self studying material, hours of study, get in touch with classes at study centres, assignments, examination and evaluation approach, grading and so forth.
(iii) DEC of IGNOU shall only assess the competence of university/institute in respect of conducting distance education programmes by a group of specialists, whose report shall be placed before the Council of DEC for consideration.
(iv) The approval shall be given only soon after consideration by Council of DEC and not by Chairperson, DEC. For الدراسة في اسطنبول , minimum quantity of mandatory meetings of DEC might be prescribed.
(v) AICTE would be directed beneath section 20 (1) of AICTE Act 1987 to make sure accreditation of the programmes in Laptop or computer Sciences, Data Technologies and Management purposed to be presented by an institute/university via the distance mode, by National Board of Accreditation (NBA).
(vi) UGC and AICTE would be directed under section 20 (1) of their respective Acts to frame detailed regulations prescribing requirements for many programmes/courses, supplied via the distance mode below their mandate,